Pollination & Field Trials

About Pollination and Field Trial Services:

Pollinator testing capabilities include laboratory-based studies, semi-field, and field exposures.

Smithers-bee collecting pollen

Smithers Viscient’s Pollination and Field Trial Services Expertise:

Smithers Viscient conducts field pollinator studies throughout the United States. Our North Carolina facility is the base of operations for pollinator health effects and residue/exposure studies. 

Pollination and Field Trial Services Guidelines:

Laboratory Pollinator Tests Conducted at Our Wareham and Harrogate Facilities

  • Honeybee Acute
  • Acute Oral (OECD 213)
  • Acute Contact (OECD 214, 850.3020)
  • Honeybee 10-day Chronic Adult (OECD draft)
  • Honeybee Larval
  • 7-day (OECD 237)
  • 22 day OECD draft
  • Bumble Bee Acute
  • Acute Oral (OECD 213, modified)
  • Acute Contact (OECD 214)
  • Solitary Bee
  • Acute Oral
  • Acute Contact
  • Honey Bee Toxicity of Residues on Foliage (850.3030)
  • Analytical Support
  • Bumblebee Chronic (queenless micro)

View our Pollinator Infographic

Preliminary Field:

  • Bee Matrix Residue Studies – initial assessment of risk (fits between laboratory and semi-field)
  • May be conducted in any state that allows for agricultural practices that meet study requirements. Normally California, North Carolina and one additional state
  • Nectar and Pollen can be hand sampled or collected by the appropriate pollinator species
  • Can collect matrices of leaves, soil, flowers, whole plants, fruits, nectar, pollen, bee bread, stored nectar, pollen baskets, royal jelly, and larvae, depending on study design
  • Experience with a variety of agricultural commodity crops, including cranberries, blueberries, pumpkins, cotton, cucumbers, melons, tomatoes, almonds, citrus, and apples. Full list available upon request
  • Possibility of soil, foliar, or chemigation applications
  • Analytical Chemistry can be completed in-house, even at low levels
  • Methodology must be established prior to sample analysis


Semi-Field Studies:

Colony Feeding Studies

  • OCSPP 850.SUPP
  • Colony Condition Assessments may be done visually or digitally, depending on location
  • Varroa, Nosema monitoring
  • Weight data collected continuously
  • Conducted in North Carolina
  • Generally follows the format of Neonicotinoid testing as per EPA/CDPR request


Tunnel Studies:

  • May be conducted in nearly any state
  • Can be planted with canola or buckwheat, depending on requested region
  • Digital Colony Condition Assessments and Brood Assessments
  • Short-term (42 days) and Long-term (over winter)
  • Compliant with US and European guidelines (OCSPP, OECD, EPPO)


Full-Field Studies:

 Follows Guideline OCSPP 850.3040

  • Can be conducted throughout the US on a specified crop
  • Digital Colony Condition Assessments (CCA)
  • Residue analysis via hand collection
  • Varroa, Nosema Monitoring
  • Weight data collected continuously
  • Overwintering in EPA/CDPR/PMRA specified region
  • Have experience with honey bees, bumble bees, non-apis


Pollination and Field Trial Services Equipment and Instrumentation includes:

Lab Studies:

  • Environmental chambers
  • Honey bee larval grafting chambers
  • Local hives